The Iroquois discover firearms.1629 - August 9; after a relief expedition sent by Richelieu from France is captured by privateers, Champlain is forced to surrender Quebec to the English.
The town's French population still numbers just 65, with only 20 adult males. Hundreds of Hurons are put to death, along with Father Jean de Brebeuf and Father Gabriel Lalement.
Estimates are not comparable to other geographic levels due to methodology differences that may exist between different data sources.
Some estimates presented here come from sample data, and thus have sampling errors that may render some apparent differences between geographies statistically indistinguishable.
Wyandots and related tribes may number between 30,000 and 45,000, with two of the largest, the Attignousntan and the Attigneenongnahac, joined in a confederacy.
Already at war with other Iroquoian tribes, the Wyandots begin to move west.1541 - May 8; Soto reaches the Mississippi River, having marched overland from the Floridas.
South of the Hurons is a second, smaller Wyandot confederacy, the Tionontate, called Petun by the French.
October 2; first French contact with Wyandots in the vicinity of the great town of Hochelaga, site of the present Montreal.1650 - First French contact with the Shawnee in Tennessee, where they have drifted from Ohio. The Five Nations temporarily control all the lands on either side of Lake Erie and Lake Ontario.1673 - In May, Father Marquette and Louis Joliet set out from St.A Shawnee colony called the Savannah is in South Carolina, where they form a buffer between the Cherokee and the Catawba.1652-c.1665 - The Wyandots and Ottawa move inland from Green Bay to the Mississippi River, then drift north to Chequamegon on Lake Superior in Sioux country, where they resume fur trade with the French.1653-1656 - The Erie lose a protracted war with the Iroquois. Ignace to find the great river described by the Illinois Indians.With his followers he leaves Detroit to establish a new village at Lower Sandusky (present Fremont, Ohio).1744 - August 8; Fort de la Trinite, popularly called Fort de Cavagnial, is established by the French on the west bank of the Missouri River near the principal Kansa village, just north of the present Fort Leavenworth.Westernmost outpost of the Illinois district in Upper Louisiana, it is intended to keep a watchful eye on both the Spanish in Santa Fe and French fur traders in the area.