The following year the government announced that `Advance Australia Fair' would supercede `God Save the Queen' as Australia's national anthem.The debate over the anthem went on for years until a national poll on the question was held in 1977.In 1975, a constitutional crisis occurred when the Governor-General dismissed the Whitlam Government and appointed Malcolm Fraser, the leader of the Liberal Party, as caretaker Prime Minister.Labor lost the ensuing election and Malcolm Fraser became the new Prime Minister.Unrealistic amounts of money were borrowed, house prices rose considerably and share prices on the Australian stockmarket crashed.By the end of the decade a large number of corporations had collapsed.Compulsory school attendance was introduced but not for Aboriginal children who were encouraged to assimilate into the white culture but were not given rights.The Archibald Prize was awarded for the first time; the 'Road to Gundagai' hit the top ten (or would have if there had been one!
The streets were lit by electricity, surf bathing in the daytime was no longer considered illegal and Australia won Wimbledon for the first time.
The nation building of the 1920s continued with the formation of QANTAS (Queensland and Northern Territory Aerial Services), the growth of the commercial food supply, C E W Bean's official history of the 1914-18 war and the opening of palatial cinemas in the capital cities.
Australia became a member of the League of Nations, the Country Party and the Communist Party were formed and the first woman was elected to an Australian Parliament.
The 'White Australia' Policy was established, the Australian Labor Party was formed, Empire Day was inaugurated and the High Court was set up. The New South Wales Aboriginal Protection Board was established and Canberra was chosen as a site for the federal capital.
Questions for research and discussion: It was a time of change.