The Freedom on the Net reports provide analytical reports and numerical ratings regarding the state of Internet freedom for countries worldwide.The countries surveyed represent a sample with a broad range of geographical diversity and levels of economic development, as well as varying levels of political and media freedom.Among other topics the reports include information on freedom of speech and the press including Internet freedom; freedom of assembly and association; and arbitrary interference with privacy, family, home, or correspondence.The reports are prepared by the Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor within the United States Department of State.
Through 2010 the Open Net Initiative had documented Internet filtering by governments in over forty countries worldwide.
The president has established a strong and elaborate information security policy and has declared his intention to exercise strict control over the Internet under the pretext of national security.
The political climate is repressive and opposition leaders and independent journalists are frequently detained and prosecuted.
In 2006, Reporters without Borders (Reporters sans frontières, RSF), a Paris-based international non-governmental organization that advocates freedom of the press, started publishing a list of "Enemies of the Internet".
The organization classifies a country as an enemy of the internet because "all of these countries mark themselves out not just for their capacity to censor news and information online but also for their almost systematic repression of Internet users." When the "Enemies of the Internet" list was introduced in 2006, it listed 13 countries.